World AIDS Day: High time HIV patients pay attention to oral problems

How does HIV affect mouth?

Mouth is the first part of the body, which can be easily infected with the virus. As HIV infection weakens the immune system, it can lead to a toothache and tooth loss.

  1. Gingivitis
  2. Kaposi’s Sarcoma
  3. Ulcerative Periodontitis
  4. White lesions on the sides of the tongue
  5. Canker sores

Causes

Dental and mouth problems related to HIV can be painful. This causes trouble in chewing or swallowing. It can also result in malnutrition. As you may have trouble eating and absorbing enough essential nutrients. Even the altered digestive system can lead to decreased absorption of HIV drug treatment.

Precautions for HIV patients

Most of the oral problems associated with HIV can be treated. As a result, if you take proper care of your mouth you will certainly reduce other complications. The best ways to prevent your oral issues are:

  1. Brush and floss your teeth regularly.
  2. Take HIV medicine as recommended by your doctor.
  3. Do not hesitate to inform your doctor regarding any oral condition. Request them to share the treatment details.

General tips to avoid dental problems

  1. Stay hydrated. Sip water at regular intervals or sugarless drinks.
  2. Chew sugarless gum or eat sugarless candy.
  3. Stop tobacco consumption.
  4. Avoid the intake of alcohol.
  5. Avoid salty foods.
  6. Use a humidifier at night.

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