Bleeding mouth — What can go wrong?

What do you mean by bleeding mouth?

Your gums look more red than normal, swollen, and puffy. Gums present in the spaces between your teeth appear bulky. This is because your gums are inflamed due to slight irritation from the plaque and calculus buildup on the surfaces of your teeth. This makes the gums sensitive and bleeds even while performing activities like brushing, chewing, or even with the slightest touch or pressure.

What causes your gums to bleed?

Using a hard bristle toothbrush

Hard bristles often cause tearing of gums and cause bleeding. Dentists do not recommend the use of hard bristle brushes.

Ill-fitting dentures or other dental appliances

Uncomfortable dentures and appliances keep causing gum irritations and tear the delicate gum tissue. Constant pricking from the appliances can also cause your gums to bleed.

Medical conditions

like Thrombocytopenia, Hemophilia, etc.

Medications for blood thinners-

In case of any previous heart attacks or heart surgeries etc

Leukemia (a type of blood cancer)

Bleeding gums can be a sign of leukemia, a type of cancer. Your blood platelets help your body stop bleeding. If you have leukemia, your platelet count remains low. That makes it hard for bleeding to stop in different parts of your body and that also including your gums.

Scurvy, a vitamin C deficiency

This vitamin helps your tissue grow and repair. It heals wounds and strengthens your bones and teeth. Over time, you can also get swollen and bleeding gums.

Signs and symptoms of bleeding gums

  • Swollen or puffy gums
  • Dusky red or dark red gums.
  • Gums that bleed easily when you brush or floss.
  • Bad breath.
  • Receding gums.
  • Tender gums.
  • Traces of blood while brushing your teeth

How can bleeding gums affect your gums in the future?

Gum diseases — gingivitis

Bleeding gums if not addressed in time can cause further damage to your gums.

Deepening of gum pockets and loose gum attachment

The gums start losing attachment with the teeth in more advanced stages of periodontitis.

Irreversible damage to gums and bones

all the above slowly and progressively cause damage to gums and bones that cannot be reversed.

What’s coming if you ignore bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums are not to be ignored whether mild or severe cases.

  • Early tooth loss
  • Heart attacks
  • Diabetes
  • Increased morbidity and mortality for diabetes,
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Obesity
  • Osteoporosis
  • Complications of pregnancy- premature delivery
  • Early tooth loss
  • Heart attacks
  • Diabetes
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Obesity
  • Osteoporosis
  • Complications of pregnancy- premature delivery

How to stop bleeding gums at home?

  • Use preferably a soft bristle toothbrush. Take care to avoid aggressive brushing
  • Use gentle brushing strokes to clean your teeth and avoid harsh brushing. Remember, you only have to clean your teeth not scrub your teeth.
  • Use less brushing pressure to brush your teeth.
  • Massaging your gums daily can improve gum health
  • Vitamin A and E oils can be used to massage your gums
  • Including vitamin C in your diet can improve gum healing
  • Avoid eating hot and spicy foods
  • Do not use any toothpastes that cause burning sensations in the mouth
  • Do not use alcoholic mouthwashes
  • Luke warm salt water rinses can be done daily to avoid the spreading of gum infections
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption at least till complete healing of gum tissues
  • Avoid teeth whitening till complete healing of gum tissues

How to stop bleeding gums with the right dental products?

Choosing the right dental care products is very important to stop bleeding gums and improve the condition of your gums. Choosing any other dental products may not solve the issue of bleeding gums. Make sure your dental care kit contains -

  • Toothpaste — Anti-plaque toothpaste to remove plaque as local irritants to gum tissues.
  • Toothbrush — Ultra soft bristle tapered toothbrush to clean below the gum line.
  • Mouthwash- Non-alcoholic antiseptic and anti-bacterial mouthwash to improve gum health
  • Gum care — Gum massaging ointment containing the hemostatic agent to stop bleeding
  • Floss — Waxed coating dental tape floss
  • Tongue cleaner — U-shaped / silicon tongue cleaner

The bottom line

A bleeding mouth is the first sign of gum infections like gingivitis and periodontitis. It is extremely important to keep your gums healthy to keep your teeth healthy. Choose the right dental products to cure bleeding gums (click here to know which dental products are right for you). To know the condition of your gums, you can simply take a self-scan of your mouth ( on the DentalDost App) on your phone and also video consult a dentist to get a step by step guidance on your oral type- bleeding mouth.

  • Bleeding mouth is when your gums bleed even with the slightest amount of pressure like brushing your teeth.
  • Bleeding gums for too long can affect the health of your gums and cause gum infections in later stages leading to periodontitis.
  • Just cleaning your teeth is not enough in this case. Choose the right gum care products to take care of your gums.
  • Regular teeth scanning and teeth cleaning and polishing can cure bleeding mouth.



Dental Dost is a genuine, informative content platform where all the articles are written by dental experts. Read more about your oral health and talk to us!

Love podcasts or audiobooks? Learn on the go with our new app.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Dental Dost

Dental Dost

Dental Dost is a genuine, informative content platform where all the articles are written by dental experts. Read more about your oral health and talk to us!